All termites are social insects and live in colonies that can number over a million individuals which are usually located in the ground or in wood. Termite colonies feed on cellulose from wood and wood by-products such as paper. They are worldwide in distribution, with about 3,000 described species. Termites are usually divided into three groups based on the location of their colony: the subterranean, the drywood, and the dampwood termites.
Rats and mice belong to the rodent family and are the most common vertebrate (animals with a backbone) pest. These animals are classified as pests because they are nuisances, they pose a health hazard and they destroy food, fibre and other natural resources. The three most common rodents are the house mouse, the black rat (roof or ship rat) and the sewer (norway) rat.
Cockroaches are among the most important pests of households and commercial establishments. They like dark, damp places with a plentiful food supply; hide during the day in warm, dark places, such as under sinks, behind dishwashers, stoves and refrigerators, and inside cupboards. They feed on a variety of foods.
Any stinging member of a group of insects in the order Hymenoptera. Depending on the species, paper nests on eaves and trees, mud nest under overhangs, nests in ground or in wall voids and attics. They feed on caterpillars and other insects and will sting if molested.
Non-biting flies are one of the most important pest groups because they are not only nuisance pests, but many are also important in disease transmission. Flies are attracted to a variety of warm, moist substances from animal faeces to human food and garbage. Fly control is often quite challenging because their larval developmental site(s) must usually be located and eliminated for success, and these sites may be some distance from where the adults are nuisances.
One of the best known summer pests, mosquitoes breed in stagnant water or soft soil and can develop from egg to adult in 10 to 14 days. Mosquitoes are unlikely to breed in clear, clean water such as a well maintained swimming pool and birdbath. Female mosquitoes suck our blood. Male mosquitoes feed on plant nectars. They are most active from dusk to dawn and will fly up to 14 miles for a blood meal.
Ants are one of the most successful groups of insects. They are social insects that live in colonies which are usually located in the ground, but they may enter buildings for shelter and/or food. Ants feed on practically every kind of food, but those entering homes are looking for sweets and/or protein-containing substances. Destructive ants include fire and carpenter ants. Other ant types include the honey, Pharaoh, house, Argentine, and the thief ant. All ants share one trait: They’re unsightly and contaminate food.